What are the factors that affect the pilling of textiles
* : * : admin * : 2018-01-26 * : 0
What are the factors that affect the pilling of textiles? There are many kinds of textile fabrics, some of which are easier to pilling, inconvenient to use and annoying. Now let's talk about the factors that affect the pilling of textiles:What are the factors that affect the pilling of textilesFiber propertiesThe length and fineness of A. fiber are: the longer the fiber length is, the less the number of roots is, the less fiber ends on the yarn and fabric area. The friction force and the holding force between the long fibers are large, so it is difficult for the fiber to slide onto the surface of the fabric to form plush, so it is difficult to entanglement into the ball. Therefore, the short fiber yarn fabric is more serious than the filament fabric pilling. The fine fiber is easier to pilling than the coarse fiber, and the finer the fiber is, the more fiber ends it exposes to the yarn surface. The softer the fiber is, the better it will be entangled into the ball. The thicker the fiber is, the harder it is, the harder the end of the fiber is on the surface, the more difficult it is to get entangled into the ball.B. fiber surface roughness and shape: fiber cross section near the round and smooth surface of the fiber is easy to slip to the fabric surface and easy pilling, sections are flat, triangular and polygonal shaped fiber with larger contact plane between the fibers, fiber can reduce the probability of slipping out of the fabric surface and form a plush reduce pilling tendency.The mechanical properties of C. fiber: Generally speaking, low strength fiber has poor wear resistance, and it is easy to fracture after a certain friction. It can improve the rate of shedding and reduce the number of hair balls. And the resistance to repeated bending ability, strong wear resistance fiber, friction into the ball is not easy to fall off.Yarn performance and structureA. yarn twist: yarn with large twist on the surface of the fabric, the end of the fiber is not easily exposed to the surface of the fabric to form the wool. Yarn evenness unevenness leads to the yarn with little twist at the coarse section, the fiber is loose and prominent, and it is easy to form the wool and take up the ball.The surface finish of B. yarn: the yarn with good surface finish is not easy to take off. The more smooth and clean the yarn surface, the less and less the surface of the wool, it is not easy to form the ball.C.: short fiber yarn structure tends to be concentrated on the surface of the yarn, which is easy to pilling; woolen many fancy twisting yarn and fabric pilling; filament yarn fiber end less and not easy pilling; deformation of filament bundle fluffy untwisted fiber end bending, fracture after exposed, easily intertwined into a ball. Synthetic Fiber Cohesion between the poor, easy to form on the surface of plush fabric surface friction received; fiber fracture strength and good wear resistance, low moisture absorption, easy to form electrostatic, when the surface of the fabric plush friction is easy to be received and rub into the hair ball and not easy to fall off. Usually the more content in the fabric of synthetic fabrics, the pilling phenomenon is more serious.Fabric structureA. fabric warp and weft density: the closer the fabric structure is, the greater the frictional resistance between fibers is, and it is not easy to produce plush when rubbing with external objects. Even if the plush is not easy to slide onto the fabric surface, it also reduces the pilling phenomenon. Generally, the structure of the knitted fabric is looser, and it is easier to pilling than the woven fabric; the fancy yarn is easy to take off because of its loose structure.B. fabric organization: the weave and weft yarn interweave more times in fabric weave. The fabric structure is tight, and the yarn is firmly combined with each other, so as to reduce the chance of fiber end to slide onto fabric surface and form fuzz, and it is not easy to pilling and pilling. The longer the yarn floats, the fabric with less interweave points, the fabric is loosely structured. After the friction, the end of the fabric is easy to slip out of the fabric surface and easily get off the ball.C. dyeing: singeing, shearing, brushing processing can be easily formed on the surface of the plush fabric fiber removed, reducing factors of fabric pilling; after coating fabric, smooth surface is not easy to pilling. Polyester cotton fabric, using heat setting or resin finishing, can make the yarn position between the fixed and sliding resistance increase, fabric surface roughness, anti pilling enhancement.D. clothing wearing environment and washing: during the process of textile re taking or washing, rough surface friction is often encountered. These external factors will promote fabric pilling.
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